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雅思閱讀真題及答案(20143月版)

更新時間:2014-05-21 16:31來源:www.oymoww.live/作者:TYJ點擊:

摘要:2014 年3 月15 日雅思考試筆試已經結束,立信國際財經小編親自整理為大家帶來史上最全面的 雅思閱讀真題及答案 。 總體來講,本次閱讀(難度適中),重復12 年 6 月30 日原題,第一篇文章很簡單屬于送分題,第二篇文章出現了信息段落配對題,第三篇文章summary 的...【閱讀全文】

  2014 年3 月15 日雅思考試筆試已經結束,立信國際財經小編親自整理為大家帶來史上最全面的雅思閱讀真題及答案

  總體來講,本次閱讀(難度適中),重復12 年 6 月30 日原題,第一篇文章很簡單屬于送分題,第二篇文章出現了信息段落配對題,第三篇文章summary 的定位比較難。建議烤鴨

  們平時多練習高頻題型。

  2014 年3 月15 日雅思閱讀真題及答案

  Passage One

  新舊情況 題材 題目 題型

  舊2012 年6 月30日人文類中國古代戰車

  Chariot (China)

  TRUE\FALSE\NOT

  GIVEN 4 題

  Complete the

  diagram 6 題

  Answer questions 3 題

  文章大意 中國兵馬俑兵車的構造

  The ancient Chinese chariot (simplified Chinese: 戰車;traditional

  Chinese: 戰車;pinyin: zhan che; literally "war vehicle") was used as an attack and pursuit vehicle on the open fields and plains of Ancient China from around 1200 BCE. Chariots also allowed military commanders a mobile platform from which to control troops while providing archers and soldiers armed with dagger-axes increased mobility. They reached a peak of importance during the Spring and Autumn period, but were largely superseded by cavalry in the Han Dynasty.

  Origins

  Traditional sources attribute the invention of the chariot to the Xia Dynasty minister Xi Zhong(奚仲), [1][2][3] and say they were used at the Battle of Gan(甘之戰)in the 21st century BCE. However archeological evidence shows that small scale use of the chariot began around 1200 BCE in the late Shang Dynasty.[4][5]

  Contemporary oracle bone inscriptions of the character 車(車)depict a chariot-like two wheeled vehicle with a single pole for the

  attachment of horses.

  Ancient Chinese chariots were typically two wheeled vehicles drawn by two or four horses[9] with a single draught pole measuring around 3 meters long that was originally straight but later evolved into two curved shafts. At the front end of the pole there was a horizontal draw-bar about one meter long with wooden yokes attached, to which the horses would be harnessed. Wooden wheels with a

  diameter of between approximately 1.2 - 1.4 meters were mounted on a three meter long axle and secured at each end with a bronze

  hubcap. Wheels of the Shang period usually had 18 spokes, but those of the Zhou period numbered from 18 to 26. Chariot wheels of

  the Spring and Autumn period (8th-7th century BCE) had between 25 and 28 spokes. The carriage body was around one meter long

  and 0.8 meters wide with wooden walls and an opening at the back to provide access for soldiers.[10][11]

  With the arrival of the Spring and Autumn Period (771-476 BCE) improvements had been made to the chariot's design and construction. The angle of the curved draw pole had increased raising the end of the pole. This reduced the amount of effort required by the horse pulling the chariot and increased its speed.

  The width of the carriage body had also increased to around 1.5 meters allowing soldiers greater freedom of movement. Key

  components such as the pole, hubcap and yoke were reinforced with decorated copper castings, increasing the chariot's stability

  and durability. These chariots were variously referred to as “gold chariots” (金車), “attack chariots”(攻車)or “weapons chariots”.

  (戎車)[10]

  部分答案 1.描述是否準確,第二段中能找到,原文是confirm 答案肯定

  2.略

  3.戰車的一些信息

  4.略

  一個畫著戰車輪子的圖:

  Bronze ;strust;Lubricating Oil,elm

  問答:

  技術產生之后馬的哪個部位不用再受力:neck

  略

  戰車是在第一個皇帝的哪里被埋葬
2014 年3 月15 日雅思閱讀真題及答案

  Passage Two

  新舊情況 題材 題目 題型

  舊2012年6月30日考過動物類Chimpanzee 黑猩猩的研究

  Which paragraph contains the following information? 6 題 Multiple choices 4 題

  Complete the sentences 3 題

  文章大意 動物和人類的區別,以及它會使用工具。

  英文原文閱讀

  Chimpanzees are our closest living relatives, sharing more than 98 percent of our genetic blueprint. Humans and chimps are also thought

  to share a common ancestor who lived some four to eight million years ago.

  Chimpanzees live in social communities of several dozen animals, and can habituate themselves to African rain forests, woodlands, and

  grasslands.

  Although they normally walk on all fours (knuckle-walking), chimpanzees can stand and walk upright. By swinging from branch to branch they can also move quite efficiently in the trees, where they do most of their eating. Chimpanzees usually sleep in the trees as well, employing nests of leaves.

  Chimps are generally fruit and plant eaters, but they also consume insects, eggs, and meat, including carrion. They have a tremendously varied diet that includes hundreds of known foods.

  Chimpanzees are one of the few animal species that employ tools. They shape and use sticks to retrieve insects from their nests or dig grubs out of logs. They also use stones to smash open tasty nuts and employ leaves as sponges to soak up drinking water. Chimpanzees can even be taught to use some basic human sign language.

  Females can give birth at any time of year, typically to a single infant that clings to its mother's fur and later rides on her back until the age of two. Females reach reproductive age at 13, while males are not

  considered adults until they are 16 years old.

  Although chimps and humans are closely related, the apes have suffered much at human hands. These great apes are endangered and still threatened by bush meat hunters and habitat destruction.

  部分答案 調節黑猩猩直接的沖突

  填空:Stone and wood;termite

  如果后代要成功,母親必須是一個非常重要的角色
2014 年3 月15 日雅思閱讀真題及答案

  Passage Three

  新舊情況 題材 題目 題型

  舊2012年6月30日考過人文類Leicester 的新劇院

  Choose the correctletter, A, B, C and D.

  單選4 題

  Summary 有選詞 6題

  TRUE\FALSE\NOT

  GIVEN 4 題

  文章大意 英國的一個新型劇院,外面的觀眾可以看到里面之類的

  部分答案 選擇:

  第一段中的**說明了說明

  略

  Light the touch paper 之后城市建設中有改變

  為什么劇院能夠吸引很多人的注意:花了很多錢/非常著名的建筑設計師

  第四段中內容說明了什么

  第五段中內容說明了什么

  填空

  On view; large

  T/F/NG

  是否在別的劇院

  很多劇院的實驗效果是否可以實現

  建筑式樣跟別的建筑有相似之處

  略
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